THE MIRACLE OF ATLANTA: NIGERIA AT THE 1996 SUMMER OLYMPICS
Pierre de Coubertin, the father of the modern Olympic Games, saw peace as one of the key notions behind the world-famous sporting event. He thought that wars which had hampered mankind through the 19th century could be aided by the power of education and sport and enhancing that would be one of the key principles of the Games.
The Olympic motto, “Citius, Altius, Fortius” (Latin for higher, faster, stronger), supports that view, suggesting that the Games tests human endurance with the aim of uniting nations together, and there are countless stories from the last century that have been inspired by de Coubertin’s ideology.
One such story comes from the Games held in Atlanta, Georgia, who hosted the Summer Olympics in 1996. That year, there was one nation that got away from the stranglehold of civil warfare and came together for one magical fortnight where they defied expectation and amplified euphoria.
Football was on the rise in the United States in the 1990s. Having just hosted an enjoyable World Cup two years prior and seeing domestic football kick it up a notch with the creation of Major League Soccer, there was keen interest in the football tournament at the year’s Olympics.
There was a great participating pool as well, with the likes of Argentina, Italy, France and defending world champions Brazil gunning for the elusive gold medal. Amongst them were minnows Nigeria, who were drawn with the Seleção in the group stages and were looking to cause an upset.
Coming into the tournament, the West African nation was ravaged by political issues that had taken plenty of lives. The elections that were held three years prior were won by the popular Moshood Abiola, but just four months after that, a power-hungry General Sani Abacha seized the regime and used military force to suppress outspoken civilians. For years, corruption continued with money laundering and illegal activities rife. A year before the Olympics, the execution of famous activist Ken Saro-Wiwa raised fears and the nation was troubled.
At the time, football, and sport, in general, was a key source of optimism for Nigeria. At the 1994 World Cup, Nigeria performed well, qualifying for the knockout stages in their very first participation, losing to eventual runners-up Italy. The nation also took great pride in Nwankwo Kanu and Finidi George, who had won the Champions League with Ajax in 1995.
However, just before the Olympic Games, there was the 1996 African Cup of Nations which was to be held in South Africa. Nigeria were the defending champions of the competition and were the favourites to win again having done well since.
Soccer – UEFA Champions League – Final – Ajax v AC Milan
NWANKWO KANU WAS ALREADY A CHAMPIONS LEAGUE WINNER WITH AJAX
There was one issue, though. The political scenario created huge complications and after the execution of Saro-Wiwa, Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s inspiring leader, insisted that the country be suspended from the Commonwealth of African Nations. Angered by Madiba’s actions, he revolted by banning his own country from participating at that year’s Cup of Nations and there was further joy taken away from the Nigerian people.
Recent events caused huge distress, and many saw the Olympics as a way of salvaging some happiness. There was hope that the country could do well, as their recent football growth was decent. Combine that with the fact that Nigeria continuously did well in youth tournaments, including a second-place finish at the World Youth Championships in 1989 and a U-17 World Cup victory in 1993, this was a good chance to aid an ailing country.
For the U-23 tournament, the likes of Kanu, Taribo West, and Jay-Jay Okocha were all selected and the overage quota was filled with Emmanuel Amuneke and Uche Okechukwu, who had played in the World Cup two years ago.
There were two perspectives that surrounded Nigeria’s aspirations at the Olympics. One was the aforementioned local perspective, where many people believed that the football team could once again work their magic on the international scene and produce something of note. The other was the international perspective, where football was the secondary story to the corruption and civil unrest and there was a firm belief that qualification to the knockout stages was the furthest this team could go. In Nigerian eyes, this team was aptly christened as the “Dream Team”, but that was hardly reflected outside of the region.
Along with a Brazil side that was led by the great Mário Zagallo and featured the likes of Bebeto, Rivaldo, Ronaldo, and Roberto Carlos, the Flying Eagles were drawn with Japan and Hungary.
The team’s Dutch coach, Johannes Bonfrère, was firm on his objectives. Just months before the tournament, Bonfrère had some issues with the Nigerian FA. He once even left his role due to unpaid wages but was convinced to come back by the playing squad and just before the tournament, after a 5-1 friendly loss to Togo, he was on thin ice. There was more talk of the sack, but seeing as it was so close to the big kick-off, the FA held themselves back.
His squad arrived in the States early, preparing themselves by acclimatizing to the conditions with training camps in Tallahassee. They wanted to get their heads away from issues beyond their control and focus on their football. Sadly, further incompetence of the FA meant that they fell short of funds and it was later revealed by many from the camp that the players had to pay for services themselves rather than receive allowances from the administration. To add to the problems, the team’s hotel would refuse to provide laundry services in the poorly judged fear of contracting AIDS, meaning that these footballers had to be more than just footballers.
Nonetheless, they knew the task at hand, and they had no option but to get on with it.
Fortunately for the team, the tournament’s schedule was kind to them. They would square off against the favourites last and had the chance to score some points against the less-fancied opposition.
They took that chance with both hands. In their first game against Hungary at the Citrus Bowl in Orland, the talismanic Kanu, who was also the captain of the side, scored the only goal on the cusp of half-time to give Nigeria a massive advantage. It was a fine goal from this exuberant side that provided an indication of things to come. Kanu started the move, played a rapid give-and-go, before finishing with confidence. It wasn’t the prettiest of performances, with scares and bumps aplenty, but it was efficient. They were good, but there was room for improvement.
Beyond the football itself, Nigeria had a strange psychological tactic behind their success against Hungary. The two teams were residing in the same hotel and they would use that to their advantage, as described by the team’s goalkeeper, Joseph Dosu.
“If they were eating, we would also do the same and divided ourselves. If two of them were sitting in one place, we also joined them and once we kept doing that, they will just carry their food and leave. Through that, we tried to intimidate them, and we got it. We needed the first game”, said Dosu in an interview a few years after the tournament.
The next clash against Japan was set to be a little more complicated. The Asian nation had just laid the foundations for their 100-year plan, a strategy created by the country’s football association that saw them winning the World Cup by 2092. To reach there, improving youth football was a key objective and these Games were a great place to show their commitment. They started in the best way possible, winning their opening match against Brazil and this was set to be a tight encounter.
Against Japan, there was a similar story to the previous game. Nigeria weren’t too flashy, instead, focusing solely on getting the job done. They knew three points here would guarantee progression to the next round and reduce the dread when facing Brazil. The goals came late, but they were absolutely worth it. Tijani Babangida and Jay-Jay Okocha scored in the 2-0 win – both coming after the 80th minute – and sealed progression, meaning that the match against Brazil was just to confirm who would win the group.
By the final group game, the Seleção’s form had picked up and they were raring to go. Against Nigeria, a Ronaldo goal settled things and their superior goal difference despite relatively underwhelming showings so far meant that they had won the group. In the process, an all-African quarter-final was avoided as it was Brazil who faced Ghana and Nigeria who would face Mexico for a place in the last four.
Nigeria x Hungary
NIGERIA WERE IN THE SAME GROUP AS HUNGARY, JAPAN, AND BRAZIL
Apart from household names like Kanu and Okocha, there were others that shone in this Nigerian setup. One such player was the left-back, Celestine Babayaro. The Anderlecht full-back was arguably the best in that position to ever grace the pitch for Nigeria and his career proved it. After his stint in Belgium, he would go on to play in England with Chelsea and Newcastle United, winning several European and domestic honours while his international career would take him to two World Cups and two Olympic Games which added to his winning medal from the 1993 U-17 World Cup. Tenacious and intelligent, he was crucial to this Nigerian setup.
In the last-eight clash against El Tri, the Nigerians showed their credentials. Mexico weren’t the most fancied team, but Nigeria displayed exactly what made them such a capable outfit. Okocha was at his best, taking players on and beating them with suave. He even got himself on the scoresheet, scoring a 25-yard stunner early in the game to calm some nerves. They were calm from then onwards, and just six minutes before the final whistle, the 17-year-old Babayaro scored to settle the match and book a place in the semi-finals.
This run was historic already. Amidst major issues that had marred the country and their preparation, Nigeria had made it to the semi-finals. This was the stage where their run was supposed to end, though. They would face the familiar monster of Brazil, where Ronaldo and Bebeto, two of the tournament’s top goalscorers, were running ragged.
Coming up in Athens, Georgia this time, the Nigerians were defiant, and this match would go down in history as one of the best in Olympic men’s football history. Brazil started quickly and were one up inside a minute through Flavio Conceição. Having scored four against Ghana in the previous game, many doubted Nigeria’s chances from here and there was a belief that this could turn out to be an embarrassment.
However, the fighting spirit Nigeria had shown before and during the tournament had still not gone away. They were quick to respond and prove that they were up for the fight. Babayaro’s low cross from the left-side was bundled into the net by a confused Roberto Carlos and so soon after conceding themselves, there was new hope that Nigeria could pull off a massive upset. Brazil, though, remained unfazed.
Their fiery attacking line was a constant threat and just before half-time, they landed not one, but to huge blows to Nigerian hopes. Just eight minutes after the own-goal, Bebeto put Brazil ahead once again while before the half-time whistle, Conceição grabbed his second after a neat team move.
At the break, many thought this was the end and the Nigerian fans who came in large numbers started to believe that the next time they would get to watch this exciting team play would be in the bronze medal match against Portugal rather than the tussle for gold against Argentina.
The second-half was slow, with Nigeria showing intent but struggling to break down this turgid Brazil defence. But they were aided by Zagallo. The Brazil coach took off some of his best players with one eye on a mouth-watering final against Argentina. Even Okocha, the player who had caught the eye of so many over the course of the tournament was disappointed after his penalty miss that could well have turned this semi-final on its head.
Nigeria x Brazil
NIGERIA PLAYED BRAZIL IN THE GROUP STAGES AND THE SEMI-FINAL
Nigeria made changes and the most inspired of them all was Victor Ikpeba. With Brazil slacking and their defence stretched, in the 78th minute, Ikpeba scored a fine goal from the outside of the box with a finessed finish. Now 3-2, there were about 15 minutes to salvage something, and Nigeria went for it.
They pushed, and in the last minute, a long throw-in from Okocha caused havoc and the ball fell to the long legs of Nwankwo Kanu, who, from four yards out, smartly flicked the ball up and smashed it past Dida to equalize and send this dramatic game into extra-time.
With the golden goal rule in place and with Brazil substituting the best of the firepower, the onus was with the driven Nigerians to take control of this match. In just four minutes of the extra 30, Kanu, the smoothest legs on the pitch would haunt Brazil again. Nigeria were brave again and with another wonderful team move, Kanu would collect the ball at the edge of the box, dribble past one defender and caress his shot past a hapless Dida. Nigeria would fight for football gold at the Olympic Games.
“THIS MEANS EVERYTHING TO NIGERIA. FOOTBALL IS THE ONE THING IN NIGERIA THAT BRINGS US TOGETHER. FOR THE PEOPLE BACK IN MY COUNTRY, THIS MAY BE THE HAPPIEST DAY OF THEIR LIVES” – JAY-JAY OKOCHA
In the final, another South American powerhouse awaited in the form of Argentina. This was a team of all-stars, a side containing future legends and present-day icons like Diego Simeone, Javier Zanetti, Juan Sebastián Verón and Hernán Crespo. In addition to that, they were managed by a person who had gold in his veins, a person who knew how to win: Daniel Passarella – the captain of the team that won the World Cup 18 years prior.
But this line-up didn’t scare Nigeria. They were picking up a habit of making a mockery of all-stars and were set to do it all again. Just like the match against Brazil, this was going to be difficult, and just like the match against Brazil, they started in the worst possible manner.
With just three minutes on the clock, Claudio López, Crespo’s partner in crime got at the end of a great cross and smacked in a header to give the Albiceleste the lead. 1-0 and a mountain to climb once again.
And just like the semi-final, there was a swift response. Babayaro, the man for the big occasion scored and equalized with a powerful header of his own as the match went into half-time evenly poised and the gold medal up for grabs. Early in the second-half, there was controversy as Ariel Ortega’s blatant dive fooled the usually eagle-eyed Pierluigi Collina into giving a penalty. Crespo converted and the advantage was back with Argentina.
There was still a lot left in the tank for Nigeria, and they would fight once again. The long-throw came in handy once more and it caused havoc in the Argentine box. As the ball reached the under-used Daniel Amokachi, a stroke of luck led to him chipping the ball over a stranded Pablo Cavallero in the Argentine goal to level the scores once again. Nobody cared whether he meant it or not, there was utter pandemonium. With the stakes so high, this thriller of a final had taken another turn, and Nigeria weren’t done there.
Now developing a knack for coming from behind and scoring vital late goals, the Flying Eagles would use their own acts as inspiration and surge forward. In the 90th minute, Nigeria received a dangerous free-kick from a crossing position down the left side. The cross was poor, but Argentina’s weakly-constructed offside trap was worse and the ball fell to an open Emmanuel Amunike who smashed the ball into the net with a first-time volley. Argentina cried offside, but the goal stood. Nigeria would take home the gold.
Nigeria gold medal
NIGERIA TOOK HOME THE GOLD MEDAL IN DRAMATIC FASHION
It was a bizarre way to end a fascinating match and tournament, but Nigeria had one of the most revering success stories in the history of the sport. This enjoyable team looked at war in the eyes, looked at adversity in the eyes, looked at some of the world’s best and most emerging players in the eyes and smashed it out of the park. A deserved success that can only be respected considering the circumstances. As Nwankwo Kanu, the captain, aptly put it: Argentina, just like so many other teams in Atlanta, were good, but Nigeria were gold.
After the tournament, the team came home to a hero’s welcome in Lagos and were showered with gifts and bonuses. Many of them were teenagers or young adults, but in a country and a sport of so much history, they were legends. They would be celebrated for generations to come, inspiring millions and putting a smile on faces that needed it. From there, many of these players would add more medals to their honours hauls, but nothing could eclipse the magic, the glamour and the prestige of Atlanta 1996.
TOP THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT MODE 9
Babatunde Olusegun Adewale is a popular Nigerian rapper and lyricist who goes by the stage name, Mode 9. The rapper has been in the industry for a very long time and is one of the leading rappers in Nigerian music history. He has recorded several albums and also had mixtapes released to his name. He is also a multi-award winning rapper, having a record of most wins at the Headies Awards. He owned the “Lyricist of the Year” award category for a long time and no one has been able to dominate as much as he did in recent times. Join me as I take you through his early life and childhood, music career, personal life and some of his songs.
MODE 9’S EARLY LIFE AND CHILDHOOD
The rapper was born on the 14th of June 1975 in London, United Kingdom to Nigerian parents who hailed from Osun State. He is the third children of his parents. His secondary school education was at Agboju Seconday School and then he proceeded to Federal Polytechnic, Bida in Niger State where he bagged a degree in Building Technology. His music influences were Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five.
MODE 9’S MUSIC CAREER
Mode 9 started music as far back as the early 2000s. He released his debut project in 2004 for “Malcolm IX”. The album enjoyed a fair amount of success and it helped gained the rapper popularity in the industry. He was known for his incredible rap style and fast became one of the lead rappers in the industry. He released another album two years later in 2006 for “Pentium IX”. At the time, he was already recognised as a good lyricist and rapper and he was already bagging awards for it.
Mode 9 didn’t stop at that, he released several other albums. He has recorded eight studio albums and five mixtapes to his name. He has also released five featured albums with the most recent recorded with Black Intelligence for “Hence4th” in 2018. His most recent album was in 2019 for “Monument”. The rapper, at a time, stopped releasing his albums in Nigeria because he felt Nigerians gave up on him.
His awards list is quite the collection. He has won 9 Headies Awards to his name and bagged the Lyricist Award of the Year seven times in a row, which still stands as a Headies record. He also has won a number of Channel O Awards for music videos.
MODE 9’S PERSONAL LIFE
Mode 9 loves to keep information about his personal life private. There is no known information about if the veteran rapper is in any relationship.
MODE 9’S SONGS
Some of his songs include;
- Where Una Dey
- Nigerian Girls
- Elbow Room
- Kaiser Flow
- 419 State of Mind
- It’s a Goal
- 360 Poetry
- Super Human
TOP THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT MO CHEDDAH
Modupe Oreoluwa Oyeyemi Ola is a Nigerian singer, rapper and songwriter who goes by the stage name “Mo Cheddah”. She always loved music as a child and even started singing from a young age. Her big break came with the release of her song titled “The Finest” featuring Sauce Kid and Tito. Following the release of the track, Mo Cheddah went on to drop even more songs and then her debut album. “Komaroll”, “If You want me” and “Destinambari” featuring Phyno are three of her other big songs in her career. Join me as I take you through her early life and childhood, music career, personal life and some of her songs.
MO CHEDDAH’S EARLY LIFE AND CHILDHOOD
The talented singer was born on the 26th of October 1990 in Lagos though she hails from Osun State, Nigeria. She was the fourth of five children. She had her early education in Lagos with her primary school education at University of Lagos Staff school and her secondary school education at Our Lady of Apostles school in Yaba, Lagos. After that, she proceeded to the University of Lagos to pursue a degree in Creative Arts.
MO CHEDDAH’S MUSIC CAREER
Mo Cheddah’s music career started from when she was 12. She got signed to a record label named Knighthouse Entertainment when she was 13. At the time she was still in school and she expected to be a child star. She used to spend time in studios during her holidays. She released her first song when she was 17 and from there she became popular. The first single was titled “Las Birdie”. She went on to record the song with Sauce Kid and Tito titled “The Finest”. The song was a hit upon release and helped her gain even more popularity. The song ultimately launched her music career.
Following up the previous successes of her singles, she dropped another hit titled “If You Want Me”. The song also enjoyed a period of success and got her the award for Best New Artist at the MTV Africa Music Awards (MAMA) in 2010. The video for the song also got Best Female Video at the Channel O Music Video Awards. Her debut album dropped in 2010 for “Franchise Celebrity”. She left her record label, Knighthouse Entertainment, after a while and went on to start her own which she called it “Cheddah Music”.
Mo Cheddah took a break from music when she was 21 because she wanted to enjoy a normal life. She came back after a couple of years.
MO CHEDDAH’S PERSONAL LIFE
She is married to longtime boyfriend, Bukunyi Olateru Olagbeji. Asides music, she is a fashion designer. She also runs a blog.
MO CHEDDAH’S SONGS
Some of her songs include;
- My Time
- Bad ft Olamide
- Tori Oloun
- Coming for You ft May D
- Destinambari ft Phyno
- See Me
- No be Money
- Wole Pelu Change
TOP THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT PRINCE NICO MBRAGA
Prince Nico Mbraga might not be very popular but his hit single titled “Sweet Mother” is one of the greatest African songs to be released till date. The song sold over 13 million copies, even more than any of the Beetles classic songs. Together with his band for a couple of years, Rocafil Jazz, he recorded several other songs though none of them was able to match the success and greatness of “Sweet Mother”. His style of music is known as Highlife. Unfortunately, the singer died in 1997. Join me as I take you through his early life, music career, personal life and some of his songs.
PRINCE NICO MBRAGA EARLY LIFE
The “Sweet Mother” crooner was born on the 1st of January in 1950 to a Nigerian mother and a Cameroonian father. He was born in Abakaliki part of eastern Nigeria though he hails from Obubra in Cross River State. His father was a music lover and he worked to get salary from sawing timber. When he was still young, his father bought a Phillips radio and from there he listened and grew interest in music. He listened to songs like Bobby Benson’s Taxi Driver and Rex Lawson’s Yellow Sisi. He spent a couple of years in Cameroon growing up in the late 60s during the Nigerian Civil War. While in school, he learnt how to play several instruments such as conga, xylophone, drums and the electric guitar.
PRINCE NICO MBRAGA MUSIC CAREER
His music style was influenced by his time in Cameroon. In 1970, he started music professionally as a member of a hotel band named “Melody Orchestra”. He later returned to Nigeria in 1972 and formed his own band, Rocafil Jazz. Their debut single wasn’t successful as they expected but they moved on to release a second for “I No Go Marry Your Papa”. The song enjoyed success locally in his part of the country.
Eventually the hit came with “Sweet Mother”. It came at a time when their recording contract had just been dropped by EMI. They got signed with an Onitsha based label named “Rogers All Stars”. He dropped the hit single with the band and then went as popular as going outside the country and then the continent. The huge success gained by the singer helped him go on tours in different countries including England. He performed with the likes of London based band, Ivory Coasters.
“Sweet Mother” appeared to be the only hit song the band would record and Prince Nico Mbraga quit music after a time when his band split and then he formed a new one. His hit song has been tagged as the best selling song in history by an African singer and was once voted as Africa’s favourite song by BBC. The song was also called “Africa’s Anthem”.
PRINCE NICO MBRAGA PERSONAL LIFE
After he quit music, he focused on managing his hotel in Ikom, Cross River State. He named the hotel Sweet Mother Hotel. Prince Nico Mbraga died in a motorcycle accident on 23rd June 1997.
PRINCE NICO MBRAGA SONGS
- I No Go Marry Your Papa
- Sweet Mother
- Family Movement
- Wayo Inlaw
- Good Father
- Free Education in Nigeria
- Love and Unity for Africa
- Adam & Eve
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